For the nature lovers and wildlife watchers, Europe offers an amazingly diverse and unique range of wildlife, many of which are also sadly facing the danger of extinction.
The wildest areas of Europe are extreme in climatic conditions, therefore they have not been inhabited by humans, thus allowing wildlife to prosper in such regions.
For instance, in the extremely cold islands of Norway, reindeer, polar bears, walruses and sea-birds thrive in numbers, in the virtual absence of human habitation.
A rare animal like the Lynx can still be found in the Scandinavian forests and coasts of southern Spain. Bears can be found in abundance in most European countries. The other commonly found European animals include the wild boar, mountain goats, wolves, deer, moose, otters, beavers, bisons and pole-cats.
The Doriana National Park in Spain is home to over 300 bird species. France’s national reserves on the Rhone River delta region provide a stunning sight of over ten thousand breeding pairs of red flamingoes. Foxes, badgers and wild boars can also be found in these reserves.
There is an amazing wealth of wildlife under the sea in Europe. Whales can be spotted on the coastal areas of the Atlantic sea, and in some parts of the Mediterranean sea. Mink whales, Humpback whale, Sperm whale and Fin whale provide an awesome sight to watch.
The killer whale Orca can be found in Norway, and it is possible to even swim in the waters along with this whale. Basking sharks, a wide variety of seals, and lovely dolphins can also be seen on the shores.
Bird-watching is another great opportunity in Europe for the bird loving tourists. Europe has huge diversity of lands, ranging from tundra and taiga regions, to forests, mountains, coastal cliff areas, marshlands, and deserts. Such vast variety in habitats provides opportunity for a wide range of bird species that are found in Europe.
Over eighty different bird ‘families’ are found in Europe, which accounts for nearly fifty percent of the world’s total. Over 550 exotic species of birds are commonly found in Europe, plus the rare immigrant birds that visit from season to season.
One of the most fascinating birds is the Great Bustard, which is known to be the world’s largest flying bird. It is found in Hungary’s Hortobagy Park, which has been declared a U.N. world heritage site. The park also sees spectacular visits from over 70,000 cranes and also prides itself in being home to Europe’s most diverse population of raptors.
Bulgaria’s Black Sea Coast natural reserve is a dream place to visit for bird-watchers from around the world. During the migratory months of fall season, the skies of this reserve are filled with thousands upon thousands of spotted eagles, white storks and pelicans.
Apart from the above-mentioned species, the national wildlife reserves of Europe are also home to many more incredible species of wild animals, birds and insects. The challenging part for the world is that many of these invaluable living species are endangered, and slowly disappearing from the face of this earth.