When you travel to Africa either for business, holiday or to take up residency, you should check with your physician which vaccinations you and your family should take before going to Africa.
Certain countries in Africa have good hospitals and medical assistance but its best to have your physician recommend vaccinations that should be taken by you and your family.
Types of Vaccinations Have to be Taken Before You Go to Africa
The following vaccination have to be taken before going to Africa.
Yellow fever vaccine is the most common vaccine that is required to be taken. It is also a legal requirement by African law.
Meningococcal meningitis vaccine
Hepatitis A vaccine
Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine
Children require the following vaccines:
Hepatitis B vaccine
Rubella vaccine and
It is mandatory in all African countries to have the Yellow Fever Vaccine and the Hepatitis A and B Vaccine, Typhoid, Meningitis and Rabies vaccines. A certificate of proof needs to be produced to the African Authorities for the Yellow Fever Vaccine.
Vaccines for malaria, dengue and filaria are not available. First find out if the destination you are traveling has a malaria epidemic. If so you need to start taking treatment for malaria before you travel. Buy a lot of mosquito repellent sprays and creams. In the case of dengue, if you get infected make arrangements to get home as quickly or get plenty of rest and fluids as there is no vaccine or specific medication.
Schistosomiasis, is another disease caused by parasite worms. African waters are generally contaminated with this parasite. There is no vaccine but there is medication available, you will need to consult a general physician dealing with infectious diseases.
Trypanosomiasis or Sleeping Sickness, sickness is a caused by the Tsetse Fly in the rural areas of Africa. There are no vaccines only medication available. If you are infected contact a general physician dealing with infectious diseases.
Cholera and bird flu are other common diseases found in Africa, there is usually no vaccines. Medication can be taken on the prescription of a general physician specialising in infectious diseases.
There are thousands in African countries that are infected with AIDS/HIV virus. There is no cure or vaccines for this virus. Tourists are advised to take their own medication and avoid using needles and also to avoid getting vaccines, body tattoos and acupuncture in South Africa Travel Guide.
Some African countries are not as strict but advise tourists to take their vaccines before arriving in the country.
However, if you are traveling from African countries that are infected with a particular epidemic, you need to have your vaccination certificate with you. These countries are Algeria, Botswana, Cape Verde, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Reunion, Seychelles, South Africa Travel Guide, Swaziland, Tunisia, and Zimbabwe.