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About top old music

Learn about the history of music and the types of top old music...

History of Music - Top Old Music

Music is known as the greatest and only universal language in the world. All day long we hear sounds of the birds sing, clocks tick, trains whistle, and traffic and these sounds would have been the main reason for the development of music among the humans. When looking back, it is clear that the development of music came through a lot of stages to what it is now, and this article aims to describe the history of music and the top old music, by way of highlighting the musical periods in history.

There are 5 musical periods, which are listed and explained below:

Medieval and Renaissance (0 – 1600 A.D.)

This was that musical period that lasted till the 16th century and this period is known to be the longest period of musical history. During these periods, a system for musical notation developed very slowly, and the quality of music was not of a high standard since there were only a few instruments to play with. During the Medieval era, there was no polyphony but this came about in the Renaissance period, and was used for those musical compositions such as the laude, the mass and the motet. Giovanni Gabrieli is one of the famous composers during the Renaissance period.

Baroque (1600 – 1750 A.D.)

The 17th century music is classified as belonging to the Baroque period and during this era, very distinctive styles and forms of music emerged and these became the model(s) for those that came after. Composers such as Purcell, Antonio Vivaldi, Telemann, Johann Bach and George Frederic Handel were in the forefront during this period.

Classical (1750 – 1820 A.D.)

The music of the 18th century was very pure and the leading composers of the time were Joseph Haydn and W. A. Mozart. Their period was referred to as the Classical period and new forms of music were established by them. New instruments were added to the orchestra at that time, and this era is considered to be the “Golden age of music”.

With the dawning of the 19th century, the political climate changed when the French armies invaded the rest of the Europe. Freedom of expression came to be valued. Revolutionary composers like Beethoven expanded the limits of music because the existing rules were too narrow to contain his musical ideas. Beethoven’s music belonged to the Classical period but at the same time gave birth to the Romantic Era.

Romantic (1820 – 1910 A.D.)

With the coming of the industrial revolution, new thinking and new ideas were developing and these came to be expressed in the arts and music as well. Composers such as Berlioz, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Brahms, Liszt, Chopin and Tchaikovsky were some of the great composers of the romantic period. Gradually, the style of music writing became broader and more expressive. New techniques of playing were developed and instruments were improved.

In the early 20th century, the late romantic composers like Dvorak, Bruckner, Mahler, Debussy, Strauss, Ravel and Rachmaninoff took music into greater heights and gave it new dimensions. All these great composers developed and maintained their own styles and nationality to their music, though they worked within their frameworks in the musical period.

Modern Era (1910 – Present)

This is the latest musical period and modern composers on the other hand have taken musical expression in a different direction, where sound effects and complex rhythms takes precedence over pleasing musical themes. Their music is much harder to understand and Shostakovich, Hindemith, and Bartok are some of the leading names in the modern era.

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