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Environment Conservation

Humans have inhabited the earth for centuries and slowly worked the environment to suit their needs. As we crowd the available space and use up resources, how do we know whether we can continue to exploit nature without facing repercussions and shortage of supplies? This line of thinking leads to the concept of conservation- simply preserving/ sustaining our environment and natural resources to benefit by them for the longest time possible. Conservation does not mean to stop using; it’s more about avoiding wastage and exploitation of resources. Professional conservationists use methods such as examination, monitoring, documentation, treatment, preventive care and research and development, to make a difference. On an individual level, there is so much we can do to share this responsibility.

To conserve, we must first understand how our actions cause damage. Almost all human activities leave a carbon footprint directly or indirectly. Farmers use chemicals, fertilizers, pesticides to produce a good harvest. Forests and wild lands are destroyed to make room for agriculture. Industrialization is another big contributor to pollution and exploitation of resources. By-products of factories pollute the environment while nuclear waste is toxic to all living beings. Burning fossil fuels releases harmful emissions. Even man’s recreational activities such as hunting and fishing hurt wild life populations and threaten the existence of some species (tigers, elephants).

Conservation can be achieved by introducing practical laws that protect wild life and restrict exploitation and pollution. To safeguard wildlife from hunters and poachers, nature reserves can be set up, where suitable laws will ensure the maximum protection of wildlife. To avoid an energy crisis in the near future, we can try to replace conventional (non-renewable) fuels with alternative energies that are sourced from the sun, water, wind and geothermal reserves. Recycling is another important aspect of conservation. A plastic bottle or bag used only once, is not supposed to be thrown away but kept for later use. Recycled paper saves thousands of trees that give us many other benefits.  Central to conservation is education and awareness. Without knowing the importance of avoiding waste, we will not be conscious about our actions on a daily basis.

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