There are many writers who have served to augment the English Literature. At the early period, it was poets and dramatists. The latter part of the English literature, was illuminated by the great writers of novels and short stories.
The oldest western poems were named as ‘Beowulf’ and ‘Seafarer’ by the editors of the History of English books, in 19th century. During the Middle English period, 13th Century poem ‘Owl and the Nightingale was written by Geoffrey Chaucer (1345-1400). He wrote many poems in the Middle English period. His best-known work is ‘The Canterbury Tales’ which have kept even today’s literature illuminated.
The Modern English period dawned just after Chaucer, during the Renaissance Period in England. The great poet William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616) enhanced English literature immensely. Even today his poetry was accepted as unbeaten by the whole world. The earliest work as a dramatist dates from 1591 of Henry VI, Henry V and Richard III. Shakespeare’s style has a wider range than that of any other writer, ancient or modern.
Then Sir Walter Scott of 1771-1832, wrote his first poem ‘The Lady of The Last Minstrel’. Also ‘Lady of the Lake’ and ‘Rokeby’ were famous. His most famous novel was ‘Ivanhoe’. He wrote an average of two novels per year.
Rudyard Kipling 1865 – 1936 served immensely for English Literature. The poem ‘The Ballad of East and West’ raised him to the front rank. Then he wrote many books –‘The Light That Failed’ in 1901 – ‘Kim’, deep love for English soil made him live in England. The children’s’ stories ‘Just so-stories’ 1902, ‘Puck of Pook’s Hill’ 1906, Rewards and Fairies’ in 1910..He received many honors as 1907 – Nobel Price for Literature.
John Milton 1608 – 1674,is a poet who won a remarkable place in English Literature. He wrote poem ‘Paradise Lost’ ‘Lycidas’ ‘Nativity Ode’ etc. The true Miltonic vitality takes various literary forms. It shows itself in the heat and commotion of his pros, in the youthful enthusiasm of the ‘Nativity Ode’.
John Dryden was educated in Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge. He wrote satirical and didactic poems. ‘Absalom’ and ‘Achitophel’ in 1681. He rattled the reader with joy in ‘Farewell ungrateful Tailor’, ’The Lady’s Song’ or ‘Ah Fading Joy’ and in many more touching the good and bad side of human nature.
D.H.Lawrance 1885-1930 was a gifted writer in English Literature. Mostly he wrote of the relationship of men and women. He wrote, ‘The White Peacock’ (1911), ‘The Trespasser’ (1912), ‘Sons and Lovers’ (1913), ‘The Rainbow’ (1915) and many more stories. The novel ‘Lady Chatterley’s Lover(1925) was famous among the people those who watch films as well as readers.
The female writers as Bronte sister, Emily, Anna and Charlotte, wrote the famous books as ‘Wuthering Heights’ ‘Villette’ ‘Agnes Grey’ ‘Tenant of Wild fell Hall’. It is said that no other story is more explicable in fiction than that of the three sisters. The writers looked at so far had represented the major literary forces of English language. There are many more too, worthwhile to mention as great writers in English Literature.